What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the long-term heating of Earth's climate system observed since the pre-industrial period (between 1850 and 1900) due to human activities, primarily fossil fuel burning, which increases heat-trapping greenhouse gas levels in Earth's atmosphere.

Global warming refers to the long-term increase in Earth’s average surface temperature due to human activities, primarily the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO₂), methane (CH₄), and nitrous oxide (N₂O). These gases trap heat in the atmosphere, leading to a “greenhouse effect” that results in higher temperatures.

Causes of Global Warming

  1. Burning of Fossil Fuels: The combustion of coal, oil, and natural gas for energy and transportation releases large amounts of CO₂ and other greenhouse gases.
  2. Deforestation: Trees absorb CO₂, so when forests are cut down for agriculture or urban development, the stored CO₂ is released back into the atmosphere.
  3. Industrial Processes: Manufacturing and chemical processes emit various greenhouse gases.
  4. Agriculture: Farming activities produce methane, particularly from livestock and rice paddies, and nitrous oxide from fertilized soils.

Effects of Global Warming

  1. Rising Temperatures: Increased global temperatures lead to heatwaves and changes in weather patterns.
  2. Melting Ice Caps and Glaciers: Higher temperatures cause polar ice caps and glaciers to melt, contributing to sea-level rise.
  3. Sea-Level Rise: Melting ice and thermal expansion of seawater due to warming lead to higher sea levels, threatening coastal communities.
  4. Extreme Weather Events: Increased frequency and severity of storms, hurricanes, droughts, and floods.
  5. Impact on Ecosystems: Altered habitats and migration patterns, endangering wildlife and biodiversity.
  6. Human Health: Increased incidence of heat-related illnesses, vector-borne diseases, and respiratory problems due to pollution.

Mitigation and Adaptation

  1. Reducing Emissions: Transitioning to renewable energy sources like wind, solar, and hydroelectric power.
  2. Energy Efficiency: Improving energy efficiency in buildings, transportation, and industry.
  3. Reforestation: Planting trees and restoring forests to absorb CO₂.
  4. Carbon Capture and Storage: Technologies to capture and store CO₂ emissions from power plants and other sources.
  5. Policy Measures: Implementing regulations and incentives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon pricing and emission trading schemes.
  6. Adaptation Strategies: Developing infrastructure and practices to cope with the impacts of climate change, such as building sea walls and designing climate-resilient agriculture.

Global warming is a complex and urgent issue that requires coordinated efforts at local, national, and international levels to mitigate its impacts and adapt to its inevitable changes.


  1. science.nasa.gov/climate-change/what-is-climate-change/
  2. www.man.com/maninstitute/data-driven-approach-to-climate-change
  3. healthbiopharm.com/blog/

the authorD. Trump